Science and Religion: Is It Either/Or or Both/And?

[A video version of this talk can be found here.]

I. Introduction
II. Definitions
III. Areas of purported conflict
IV. Evidence for God from Science
V. The hiddenness of God

I. Introduction

The relationship between science and religion is a very important subject in today’s culture, both for Christians and non-Christians. For Christians, especially those studying at universities, science is often considered to be in opposition to religion. Science, it is claimed, can answer all the questions which were once answered by religion. Conversely, for non-Christians, science is sometimes advanced as an insurmountable obstacle to the Christian faith: if we believe firmly in the validity and truth of science, then we don’t need to bother considering the claims of Jesus. In this essay, I want to speak to both Christians and non-Christians. My goal is to clear away whatever difficulties are preventing us from taking the Christian faith seriously or from living it out confidently. I believe not only that science and religion are compatible, but that science can give us good reasons to believe that God exists.

I understand that this claim strikes many of you as quite audacious; you are probably thinking: “One does not simply reconcile science and religion.” But if I don’t answer all of your questions, I hope I’ll be able to convince you that such reconciliation is at least possible. Below, I’ll attempt to answer important questions like “What is faith?”, “Does science show us that Nature is all that exists?”, “Is there scientific evidence for God’s existence?” and “If God exists, why isn’t there more evidence?”


Next: Science and Religion Part II – Definitions